Always tell a third party where you intend to walk.
For visitors never walk alone. Stay with your partner all the time
Always take a mobile telephone with you. Check for a signal frequently
Always carry a torch with batteries
Carry Spare batteries for the above
Use your mobile as a torch if you run out of daylight
Download this Apps for your mobile Android Smart phone or Tablet to use as a torch
An alternative. An emergency Dynamo/Solar torch no batteries
Use your camera's flash to light the way
A camera's flash can be used as a signal beam at night to locate where you are
Bus Guide. Buy The Unofficial Madeira Bus Guide
Walking Guide. Buy The Unofficial Madeira Walk Guide No.1
Car Hire Walking Guide. Buy The Unofficial Madeira Walk Guide for Hire Cars
If you explore remote paths leave markers, cairn (stones) or arrows made from twigs to find your way back
Remember if you don't like what is in front of you, you can always go back the way you came.
If you are lost try to re-trace your steps to where you recognized the path back to the start
If you do get lost. Don't panic. Stop, sit down, drink some fluid, eat some food. You will then think more clearly
During sunny periods you can use a small mirror to reflect a signal to a search party
Use a CD Disc in place of above
Carry matches or a cigarette lighter to start a small fire to create smoke to locate your position
Use a Whistle to locate your position
Take a compass with you to locate North/South
If you get lost during daylight hours use an analog watch. How. Point the hour hand of the watch at the sun. Halfway between the hour hand and 12 is due South e.g. If the hour hand is at 4.00 pm
and you point it towards the sun. Due south will be halfway i.e. 2.00 pm.
If you don't have an analog watch try this method to find North/South East/West providing the sun is shining. Place your walking stick in the ground as vertical as possible in a open flat space. Place a stone/twig at the end of the shadow. Wait a minimum of fifteen minutes (1 hour is better). Place another stone/twig at the end of the second shadow. Remove your walking stick from the ground and place it between the stones/twigs. Intersect this line half-way at ninety degrees. The points of the compass are as per illustration.
If you have none of the above. Try to find a path/ridge that you can walk downhill on you are bound to come to habitation or the sea eventually
If all else fails dial 112 the emergency number on your mobile
No! Your mobile has not enough battery power to dial. Try this to reveal hidden battery power your mobile hides. Press the key *3370#. That's star, numbers, hash tag. Your mobile will restart with enough battery power to dial. Phew! This reserve will get charged the next time you charge your phone
Remote keyless entry locked inside your car. Try this if someone has a spare key at base/home. Call them on your mobile. Hold your cell phone near the car door or windscreen have the person at your base/home press the spare keyless unlock button holding it near their mobile or telephone on their end. Your car will unlock. Distance is no object. I have used this method successfully
To cross a narrow levada ledge you can always walk in the water channel. Your skin is waterproof
If you have to walk in the levada channel or through deep mud and don't want to get your feet wet/muddy use two strong plastic carrier bags, two elastic bands. Place your feet inside the bags keep up the bags on your legs with elastic bands
If you walk off piste. Take a biffy bag (survival bag) just in case you run out of daylight
Take a basic first aid kit with you.
Always wear a sun hat. The UV (ultra violet) in Madeira can reach eleven (11) in summer
If the sun's heat is extreme wear a neckerchief
Take with you at least one litre of fluid
If you want to stop cramp in your body take with you a sachet of 'Dioralyte' body salts or similar. Dissolve powder in liquid, take orally. If not available, eat a packet of salty potatoes crisps
If walking the high peaks in winter wrap up well and use gloves as the wind chill can be very cold
Carry spare boot laces
Take a safety pin. Buttons have a habit of popping off clothing
Any feedback will be welcomed from the suggestions above
I do hope that the above list will make your walking in Madeira more pleasant and safe.
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